Westward expansion and the civil war

InGeneral William Tecumseh Sherman led his troops on his famous March to the Sea, capturing and destroying anything they came across, which further deprived the Confederates of the food and supplies they so desperately needed. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — On the other hand, many Democrats feared industrialization the Whigs welcomed Bush[86] continues to have an influence on American political ideology.

In this usage, "manifest destiny" is interpreted as the underlying cause of what is denounced by some as " American imperialism ". After Lincoln won, many Southern leaders felt that disunion was their only option, fearing that the loss of Westward expansion and the civil war would hamper their ability to promote pro-slavery acts and policies.

He described the United States as "the last, best hope of Earth". Dubbed the Anaconda Plan, the idea was to put an economic stranglehold on the Confederacy to isolate it from all sources of supply and allow for growth of anti-secessionist sentiments.

He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency. When the British refused the offer, American expansionists responded with slogans such as "The Whole of Oregon or None! Nevertheless, Spain declined to sell the island, which ended Polk's efforts to acquire Cuba.

When the public learned of the Ostend Manifesto inwhich argued that the United States could seize Cuba by force if Spain refused to sell, this effectively killed the effort to acquire the island. Many did not want slavery in the North over fears that plantation owners would soon own too much land and have too much control in general over the North like they did in the South.

Another factor was territorial expansion. The eagerness of the filibusters, and the public to support them, had an international hue. After Americans immigrated to new regions, they would set up new democratic governments, and then seek admission to the United States, as Texas had done. Railroads, the telegraphsteamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively.

It was also fading in the border states and in Southern cities, but it was expanding in the highly profitable cotton districts of the rural South and Southwest. It was this dispute over the expansion of slavery into the new territories and the election of Abraham Lincoln as president on November 6,that finally led to the secession of eleven Southern states.

These states agreed to form a new federal government, the Confederate States of Americaon February 4, InRobert E.

Reconstruction

As historian Reginald Horsman argued in his influential study Race and Manifest Destiny, racial rhetoric increased during the era of manifest destiny. The trouble began due to a major difference in political opinion between the slaves states and the free states, according to an article on the American Battlefield Trust website: Lee 's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg.

American History » Westward Expansion

O'Sullivan, on the other hand eventually landed in legal trouble. Polk tied the Texas annexation question with the Oregon dispute, thus providing a sort of regional compromise on expansion. The latter slogan is often mistakenly described as having been a part of the presidential campaign.

The slave states, which had already become a minority in the House of Representatives, were now facing a future as a perpetual minority in the Senate and Electoral College against an increasingly powerful North. They will not suppose that that Government will avow, as the basis of their policy towards the United States a system of arresting their natural growth within their own territories, for the sake of preserving a perpetual desert for savages.

Expansionists in the North were more inclined to promote the occupation of Oregon, while Southern expansionists focused primarily on the annexation of Texas. It was at this time that northern factions feared that those supporting slavery had too much control in government and the South feared losing that control to anti-slavery forces.

We are anxious to force free government on all; and I see that it has been urged As a result, the Confederates opened fire on the fort on April 12, and captured it.

What Happened During the Civil War? However, neo-Confederate writers have claimed it as a Southern grievance. Traditionally, territories were acquired by the United States for the purpose of becoming new states on equal footing with already existing states. Presidential candidate James K.

Ill-defined but keenly felt, manifest destiny was an expression of conviction in the morality and value of expansionism that complemented other popular ideas of the era, including American exceptionalism and Romantic nationalism. It is surely the manifest destiny of the United States to lead in the attempt to make this spirit prevail.

Westward Expansion Facts

Confederate General Robert E. Southern leaders feared that Lincoln would stop the expansion of slavery and put it on a course toward extinction.

Manifest destiny

What Happened During the Civil War? Dubbed the Anaconda Plan, the idea was to put an economic stranglehold on the Confederacy to isolate it from all sources of supply and allow for growth of anti-secessionist sentiments.American Memory is a gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States.

The site offers more than 7 million digital items from more than historical collections. The Black West: A Documentary and Pictorial History of the African American Role in the Westward Expansion of the United States [William Loren Katz] on librariavagalume.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Looks at the history of. Westward Expansion was the 19th-century movement of settlers, agriculture and industry into the American West. Learn about the Louisiana Purchase, manifest destiny, the Gold Rush and more. Oct 15,  · Watch video · The Civil War in the United States began inafter decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states.

Kids learn about the history of the Westward Expansion and the Old West of the United States as pioneers settled the west as the country expanded. Educational articles for teachers, students, and schools including daily life on the frontier, gold rush, Pony Express, timeline, glossary, and people.

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history.

Westward Expansion and the American Civil War

Largely as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in Aprilwhen secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after.

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